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Official Full Name
angiotensin I converting enzyme
Background
This gene encodes an enzyme involved in catalyzing the conversion of angiotensin I into a physiologically active peptide angiotensin II. Angiotensin II is a potent vasopressor and aldosterone-stimulating peptide that controls blood pressure and fluid-electrolyte balance. This enzyme plays a key role in the renin-angiotensin system. Many studies have associated the presence or absence of a 287 bp Alu repeat element in this gene with the levels of circulating enzyme or cardiovascular pathophysiologies. Multiple alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been identified, and two most abundant spliced variants encode the somatic form and the testicular form, respectively, that are equally active. [provided by RefSeq, May 2010]
Synonyms
ACE; angiotensin I converting enzyme; DCP; ICH; ACE1; DCP1; CD143; MVCD3; angiotensin-converting enzyme; kininase II; peptidase P; CD143 antigen; testicular ECA; carboxycathepsin; dipeptidyl carboxypeptidase 1; dipeptidyl carboxypeptidase I; angiotensin converting enzyme, somatic isoform; angiotensin I converting enzyme (peptidyl-dipeptidase A) 1; angiotensin I converting enzyme peptidyl-dipeptidase A 1 transcript; MGC26566