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acaca

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Official Full Name
acetyl-CoA carboxylase alpha
Background
Acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC) is a complex multifunctional enzyme system. ACC is a biotin-containing enzyme which catalyzes the carboxylation of acetyl-CoA to malonyl-CoA, the rate-limiting step in fatty acid synthesis. There are two ACC forms, alpha and beta, encoded by two different genes. ACC-alpha is highly enriched in lipogenic tissues. The enzyme is under long term control at the transcriptional and translational levels and under short term regulation by the phosphorylation/dephosphorylation of targeted serine residues and by allosteric transformation by citrate or palmitoyl-CoA. Multiple alternatively spliced transcript variants divergent in the 5' sequence and encoding distinct isoforms have been found for this gene.
Synonyms
ACACA; acetyl-CoA carboxylase alpha; ACAC, ACC, acetyl Coenzyme A carboxylase alpha; acetyl-CoA carboxylase 1; ACC1; acetyl CoA carboxylase 1; ACC-alpha; acetyl-Coenzyme A carboxylase alpha; ACC; ACAC; ACCA; ACACAD; acetyl-CoA carboxylase; fj43d01; im:7138837; wu:fj43d01; si:ch211-199d18.1