This gene encodes a protein that is highly similar to mouse and rat kynurenine aminotransferase II. The rat protein is a homodimer with two transaminase activities. One activity is the transamination of alpha-aminoadipic acid, a final step in the saccaropine pathway which is the major pathway for L-lysine catabolism. The other activity involves the transamination of kynurenine to produce kynurenine acid, the precursor of kynurenic acid which has neuroprotective properties. Two alternative transcripts encoding the same isoform have been identified, however, additional alternative transcripts and isoforms may exist.
AADAT; aminoadipate aminotransferase; kynurenine/alpha-aminoadipate aminotransferase, mitochondrial; KAT2; KATII; kynurenine aminotransferase II; L kynurenine/alpha aminoadipate aminotransferase; KAT/AadAT; 2-aminoadipate transaminase; 2-aminoadipate amin; 2-aminoadipate aminotransferase; alpha-aminoadipate aminotransferase; kynurenine--oxoglutarate transaminase II; kynurenine--oxoglutarate aminotransferase II