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Drd4

Official Full Name
dopamine receptor D4
Background
This gene encodes the D4 subtype of the dopamine receptor. The D4 subtype is a G-protein coupled receptor which inhibits adenylyl cyclase. It is a target for drugs which treat schizophrenia and Parkinson disease. Mutations in this gene have been associated with various behavioral phenotypes, including autonomic nervous system dysfunction, attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder, and the personality trait of novelty seeking. This gene contains a polymorphic number (2-10 copies) of tandem 48 nt repeats; the sequence shown contains four repeats.DRD4 expression has been reported in various regions of the brain as well as in adrenal gland, artery, eye, heart, kidney, placenta, spinal cord, testis, and vas deferens
Synonyms
DRD4; D(4) dopamine receptor; OTTHUMP00000164435; dopamine D4 receptor; D(2C) dopamine receptor; seven transmembrane helix receptor; dopamine receptor D4; D4DR

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