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Aco1

Official Full Name
aconitase 1, soluble
Background
Aconitase 1, also known as iron regulatory element binding protein 1 (IREB1), is a cytosolic protein which binds to iron-responsive elements (IREs).IREs are stem-loop structures found in the 5 UTR of ferritin mRNA, and in the 3 UTR of transferrin receptor mRNA.The iron-induced binding to the IRE results in repression of translation of ferritin mRNA, and inhibition of degradation of the otherwise rapidly degrading transferrin receptor mRNA.Thus, IREB1 plays a central role in cellular iron homeostasis.It was also shown to have aconitase activity, and hence grouped with the aconitase family of enzymes.
Synonyms
ACO1; aconitase 1, soluble; IREB1; cytoplasmic aconitate hydratase; IREBP; IRP1; IRE-BP 1; aconitate hydratase; citrate hydro-lyase; iron regulatory protein 1; ferritin repressor protein; iron-responsive element binding protein 1; iron-responsive element-; IRE-binding protein 1; Iron responsive element binding protein; iron-responsive element-binding protein 1; wu:fo75b03; FRP

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