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Human TSHR/beta-Arrestin Stable Cell Line-U2OS

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Cat.No.
CSC-RG1610
Background
The thyroid stimulating hormone receptor (TSHR) is expressed in the membrane of thyroid follicular cells. It is involved in regulating thyrocyte cell growth and function. TSHR is also the target autoantigen in thyroid autoimmune diseases. Autoantibodies to TSHR that act as agonists are responsible for the hyperthyroidism of Graves" Disease. Another class of autoantibodies that block the binding of TSH to TSHR may mediate the hypothyroidism associated with Hashimoto"s thyroiditis, primary myxoedema, and neonatal hypothyroidism. This TSHR cell line contains the cDNA sequence identical to GenBank sequence NM_000369 except for one base pair mutation that results in a change in amino acid at position 727 (from glutamic acid to aspartic acid). This has been reported as a natural variant. The allele with glutamic acid has been proposed as a predisposing factor in toxic multinodular goiter pathogenesis.
Growth Properties
Adherent
Morphology
Epithelial
Host Cell
U2OS
Ship
Dry ice
Gene Information
Official Symbol
TSHR
Synonyms
TSHR; thyroid stimulating hormone receptor; thyrotropin receptor; LGR3; TSH-R; thyrotropin receptor-I, hTSHR-I; seven transmembrane helix receptor; thyroid-stimulating hormone receptor; thyroid stimulating hormone receptor, isoform 2; CHNG1; hTSHR-I; MGC75129;
Gene ID
UniProt ID
P16473
Chromosome Location
14q24-q31
Pathway
Arf6 signaling events, organism-specific biosystem; Arf6 trafficking events, organism-specific biosystem; Autoimmune thyroid disease, organism-specific biosystem; Autoimmune thyroid disease, conserved biosystem; Class A/1 (Rhodopsin-like receptors), organism-specific biosystem; G alpha (s) signalling events, organism-specific biosystem; GPCR downstream signaling, organism-specific biosystem;
Function
protein binding; receptor activity; signal transducer activity; thyroid-stimulating hormone receptor activity; thyroid-stimulating hormone receptor activity;

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