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Human CASR/Galpha15 Stable Cell Line-Chem-1

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Cat.No.
CSC-RG0623
Background
Calcium homeostasis in vertebrates is regulated by hormonal communication between the parathyroid and thyroid glands, kidney, bone, and intestine. A central mediator of this regulatory system is the calcium sensor CaS (also known as CaR), a class III GPCR that is activated by high concentrations of extracellular calcium and other divalent cations. The cell types that are responsive to variations in blood calcium concentration express CaS and respond to changes in extracellular calcium in a CaS-dependent fashion. Activation of CaS in parathyroid chief cells inhibits PTH release, which results in decreased calcium mobilization from bone. In contrast, stimulation of CaS activity in the C cells of the thyroid increases secretion of calcitonin, which causes decreased bone resorption and increased urinary excretion of calcium. Allosteric "calcimimetic" potentiators are being evaluated for treatment of primary hyperparathyroidism.
Growth Properties
Adherent
Host Cell
Chem-1
Ship
Dry ice
Gene Information
Official Symbol
CASR
Synonyms
CASR; calcium-sensing receptor; HHC, HHC1, hypocalciuric hypercalcemia 1; extracellular calcium-sensing receptor; FHH; GPRC2A; NSHPT; severe neonatal hyperparathyroidism; parathyroid Ca(2+)-sensing receptor 1; parathyroid cell calcium-sensing receptor; CAR; FIH; HHC; EIG8; HHC1; PCAR1; MGC138441;
Gene ID
UniProt ID
P41180
Chromosome Location
3q21.1
Pathway
Class C/3 (Metabotropic glutamate/pheromone receptors), organism-specific biosystem; E-cadherin signaling in keratinocytes, organism-specific biosystem; G alpha (i) signalling events, organism-specific biosystem; G alpha (q) signalling events, organism-specific biosystem; GPCR downstream signaling, organism-specific biosystem; GPCR ligand binding, organism-specific biosystem; GPCRs, Class C Metabotropic glutamate, pheromone, organism-specific biosystem;
Function
G-protein coupled receptor activity; phosphatidylinositol phospholipase C activity; protein binding; receptor activity; signal transducer activity;

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