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hcar2

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Official Full Name
hydroxycarboxylic acid receptor 2
Background
Acts as a high affinity receptor for both nicotinic acid (also known as niacin) and (D)-beta-hydroxybutyrate and mediates increased adiponectin secretion and decreased lipolysis through G(i)-protein-mediated inhibition of adenylyl cyclase. This pharmacological effect requires nicotinic acid doses that are much higher than those provided by a normal diet. Mediates nicotinic acid-induced apoptosis in mature neutrophils. Receptor activation by nicotinic acid results in reduced cAMP levels which may affect activity of cAMP-dependent protein kinase A and phosphorylation of target proteins, leading to neutrophil apoptosis. The rank order of potency for the displacement of nicotinic acid binding is 5-methyl pyrazole-3-carboxylic acid = pyridine-3-acetic acid > acifran > 5-methyl nicotinic acid = acipimox >> nicotinuric acid = nicotinamide.
Synonyms
HCAR2; hydroxycarboxylic acid receptor 2; HCA2; HM74a; HM74b; PUMAG; NIACR1; Puma-g; GPR109A; niacin receptor 1; nicotinic acid receptor; G protein-coupled receptor 109A; G-protein coupled receptor 109A; G protein-coupled receptor HM74a; G-protein coupled receptor HM74A; hydroxy-carboxylic acid receptor 2

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