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ervwe1

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Official Full Name
endogenous retrovirus group W, member 1
Background
Many different human endogenous retrovirus (HERV) families are expressed in normal placental tissue at high levels, suggesting that HERVs are functionally important in reproduction. This gene is part of an HERV provirus on chromosome 7 that has inactivating mutations in the gag and pol genes. This gene is the envelope glycoprotein gene which appears to have been selectively preserved. The gene's protein product is expressed in the placental syncytiotrophoblast and is involved in fusion of the cytotrophoblast cells to form the syncytial layer of the placenta. The protein has the characteristics of a typical retroviral envelope protein, including a furin cleavage site that separates the surface (SU) and transmembrane (TM) proteins which form a heterodimer. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding the same protein have been found for this gene.
Synonyms
endogenous retroviral family W, env(C7), member 1; envelope glycoprotein; HERVW; envelope protein; HERV-7q; enverin; HERV-W-ENV; HERV-tryptophan envelope protein; Envelope polyprotein gPr73; HERV-W Env glycoprotein; HERV-7q Envelope protein; HERV-W_7q21.2 provirus ancestral Env polyprotein; HERV-W envelope protein; HERV-W{7q21.1} provirus ancestral Env polyprotein; HERV-W; human endogenous retrovirus W envC7-1 envelope protein; ENV; syncytin A; ENVW; syncytin-1; HERV7Q; Env-W; HERVWENV; OTTHUMP00000161914; Syncytin; ERVWE1; endogenous retrovirus group W member 1

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