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dhcr7

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Official Full Name
7-dehydrocholesterol reductase
Background
This gene encodes an enzyme that removes the C(7-8) double bond in the B ring of sterols and catalyzes the conversion of 7-dehydrocholesterol to cholesterol. This gene is ubiquitously expressed and its transmembrane protein localizes to the endoplasmic reticulum membrane and nuclear outer membrane. Mutations in this gene cause Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome (SLOS); a syndrome that is metabolically characterized by reduced serum cholesterol levels and elevated serum 7-dehydrocholesterol levels and phenotypically characterized by mental retardation, facial dysmorphism, syndactyly of second and third toes, and holoprosencephaly in severe cases to minimal physical abnormalities and near-normal intelligence in mild cases. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants that encode the same protein.
Synonyms
DHCR7; 7-dehydrocholesterol reductase; SLOS, Smith Lemli Opitz syndrome; 7 dehydrocholesterol reductase; 7 DHC reductase; Delta 7 dehydrocholesterol reductase; Putative sterol reductase SR 2; Sterol Delta; 7-DHC reductase; sterol delta-7-reductase; putative sterol reductase SR-2; delta-7-dehydrocholesterol reductase; SLOS; sterol Delta(7)-reductase

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