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cyp2c8

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Official Full Name
cytochrome P450, family 2, subfamily C, polypeptide 8
Background
This gene encodes a member of the cytochrome P450 superfamily of enzymes. The cytochrome P450 proteins are monooxygenases which catalyze many reactions involved in drug metabolism and synthesis of cholesterol, steroids and other lipids. This protein localizes to the endoplasmic reticulum and its expression is induced by phenobarbital. The enzyme is known to metabolize many xenobiotics, including the anticonvulsive drug mephenytoin, benzo(a)pyrene, 7-ethyoxycoumarin, and the anti-cancer drug taxol. This gene is located within a cluster of cytochrome P450 genes on chromosome 10q24. Several transcript variants encoding a few different isoforms have been found for this gene.
Synonyms
CYP2C8; cytochrome P450, family 2, subfamily C, polypeptide 8; cytochrome P450, subfamily IIC (mephenytoin 4 hydroxylase), polypeptide 8; cytochrome P450 2C8; CPC8; CYPIIC8; Cytochrome P450 family 2 subfamily C polypeptide 8; Cytochrome P450 form 1; Cytochrome P450 IIC2; Cytochrome P450 MP-12; Cytochrome P450 MP-20; Cytochrome P450 subfamily IIC (mephenytoin 4 hydroxylase) polypeptide 8; Flavoprotein linked monooxygenase; Microsomal monooxygenase; MP 12/MP 20; P450 form 1; P450 IIC2; P450 MP 12/MP 20; S mephenytoin 4 hydroxylase; Xenobiotic monooxygenase; s-mephenytoin 4-hydroxylase; flavoprotein-linked monooxygenase; cytochrome P450, subfamily IIC (mephenytoin 4-hydroxylase), polypeptide 8; MP-12/MP-20

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