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cd59

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Official Full Name
CD59 molecule, complement regulatory protein
Background
This gene encodes a cell surface glycoprotein that regulates complement-mediated cell lysis, and it is involved in lymphocyte signal transduction. This protein is a potent inhibitor of the complement membrane attack complex, whereby it binds complement C8 and/or C9 during the assembly of this complex, thereby inhibiting the incorporation of multiple copies of C9 into the complex, which is necessary for osmolytic pore formation. This protein also plays a role in signal transduction pathways in the activation of T cells. Mutations in this gene cause CD59 deficiency, a disease resulting in hemolytic anemia and thrombosis, and which causes cerebral infarction. Multiple alternatively spliced transcript variants, which encode the same protein, have been identified for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
Synonyms
CD59; CD59 molecule, complement regulatory protein; 1F5; EJ16; EJ30; EL32; G344; MIN1; MIN2; MIN3; MIRL; HRF20; MACIF; MEM43; MIC11; MSK21; 16.3A5; HRF-20; MAC-IP; p18-20; CD59 glycoprotein; protectin; 1F5 antigen; MEM43 antigen; Ly-6-like protein; T cell-activating protein; human leukocyte antigen MIC11; lymphocytic antigen CD59/MEM43; 20 kDa homologous restriction factor; membrane inhibitor of reactive lysis; membrane attack complex inhibition factor; membrane attack complex (MAC) inhibition factor; surface anitgen recognized by monoclonal antibody 16.3A5; CD59 antigen p18-20 (antigen identified by monoclonal antibodies 16.3A5, EJ16, EJ30, EL32 and G344); CD59 antigen p18 20 (antigen identified by monoclonal antibodies 16.3A5, EJ16, EJ30, EL32 and G344) , CD59 antigen, complement regulatory protein , MIC11, MIN1, MIN2, MIN3, MSK21; p18 20; surface anitgen recognized by monoclonal 16.3A5; MGC2354; FLJ38134; FLJ92039

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